There is a clear need for more scalability and automation in threat modeling to balance rapid software development with secure software development
There is a growing priority of threat modeling for applications that companies build, coinciding with a belief that the majority or all of these efforts could be automated, according to Security Compass’ study, titled The State of Threat Modeling in 2021.
The study was designed to provide a better understanding of the current state of threat modeling in mid-sized, USD 100M to USD 999M and large sized, USD 1B + enterprises, with a specific focus on the challenges organizations face in scaling threat modeling for the applications they build and deploy. Individuals directly involved in threat modeling efforts within their organizations provided insights on their companies’ approach as well as gaps and vulnerabilities.
Traditional threat modeling practices are historically slow, and hinder an organization’s goals of getting applications to market quickly. Additionally, over half of respondents reported issues when trying to integrate this essential process into their existing technologies. These shortcomings contributed to the finding that less than half of organizations feel very prepared for critical cybersecurity threats. There is a clear need for more scalability and automation in threat modeling to balance rapid software development with secure software development.
Key Findings Include:
Current Performance on Threat Modeling Approaches
- Only 25% of survey participants indicate their organizations conduct threat modeling during the early phases of software development requirements gathering and design, before proceeding with application development.
- Less than 10% report their organizations perform threat modeling on 90% or more of the applications they develop. Most commonly, organizations test between 50-74% of their applications.
Lack of Automation
- Over 60% of organizations believe that all aspects of their organization’s threat modeling could be fully automated, yet only 28% have reached that threshold.
- More than half of organizations face challenges in automating and integrating their threat modeling activities with other technologies, with 41% of respondents expressing that it takes too long.
Impact of COVID-19 & Supply Chain Vulnerability
- Over 80% of organizations had to make moderate to significant changes to their cybersecurity approach as a result of COVID-19.
- Supply chains may be particularly vulnerable, with more than 84% of organizations reporting making cybersecurity changes because of supply chain vulnerability. However, 31% of companies do threat modeling on less than half the applications they develop associated with their supply chain.
“Software is being used in almost every aspect of everyday life, making it essential for organizations to be equipped with the necessary resources to perform timely threat modeling on the applications that they develop and deploy,” said Rohit Sethi, CEO, Security Compass. “Threat modeling ensures that vulnerabilities are recognized and remediated before they become a problem. Security Compass is hopeful that by providing the industry with detailed insights into the state of threat modeling, more organizations will self-assess, identify areas where they can automate and improve their existing approach to threat modeling, and ultimately improve their overall security posture.”