Moving to cloud can help Indian cos reduce their carbon emissions by 80%: Study

The new study by 451 Research is based on a survey of more than 100 Indian respondents

Moving to cloud can help Indian cos reduce their carbon emissions by 80%: Study

Indian companies and public sector organizations that migrated computing workloads from on-premises data centers to cloud infrastructure could expect to reduce their energy use – and associated carbon footprint – by nearly 80%. These findings, part of a study, Carbon Reduction Opportunity of Moving to the Cloud, by 451 Research, were released by Amazon Web Services, which commissioned the study.

451 Research surveyed more than 500 private and public sector organizations across Asia Pacific (APAC), spanning a variety of industries across Australia, India, Japan, Singapore, and South Korea. The report, commissioned by AWS, includes over 100 survey respondents in India, and also found that cloud service providers that tap into the local renewable energy market to run their operations in India can further boost carbon emissions savings. 451 Research estimates that if just 25% of the 1,200 largest publicly-traded businesses in India put one megawatt (MW) of compute workload into the cloud, powered by renewable energy, it would save the equivalent of a year's worth of emissions from 160,000 Indian households.

“As data centre activity continues to surge in India, so will energy consumption, which will make energy efficiency a focal point in the market,” said Kelly Morgan, Research Director, Datacenter Infrastructure & Services at 451 Research of S&P Global Market Intelligence. “In our study, the server-level efficiencies of Indian organizations exceeded their peers in other surveyed APAC countries as a result of higher rates of virtualisation and a more aggressive stance towards workload consolidation. Indian organizations drive their systems somewhat harder, and their server infrastructure is among the youngest on average in APAC. However, much of this is offset by inefficiencies at the facility level. Cloud providers like AWS are driven to make all parts of their infrastructure work in sync to increase efficiency, from design to operations, to lower costs and provide IT services at scale. Furthermore, the lack of accessible and affordable corporate renewable energy options leaves a significant amount of carbon reduction potential on the table.”

“Cloud technology can credibly help companies in India decarbonize,” said Puneet Chandok, President Commercial Business – AWS India and South Asia, AISPL. “With India’s vibrant startup ecosystem already pioneering low carbon solutions, it is imperative that enterprises, public sector organizations, and policy makers factor in sustainability as a critical part of their cloud migration decisions. AWS’s commitment to fulfilling our net carbon neutrality goals in India includes initiatives in infrastructure efficiency, renewable energy, water sustainability, electric mobility, sustainable packaging, and building awareness through community engagement. I invite companies and organizations in India to join us in The Climate Pledge, committing to regular reporting, carbon elimination and credible offsets, on a journey to becoming net-zero carbon by 2040.”

451 Research found the energy efficiency gains of cloud data centers came from their use of the latest, most energy-efficient servers, which typically run at higher utilization rates than on-premises data centers. These two factors combined led cloud data centers to use 67.4% less energy. The average server utilization in APAC enterprises was just under 15%. By contrast, 451 Research shows that cloud operators utilize servers well above 50% to find the right balance between efficiency and application performance. The research also found that facility-level energy efficiency gains at cloud data centers, including the use of advanced power distribution systems and cooling technology, provided an additional 11.4% of energy savings. Cloud data centers perform the same workloads with five times more energy efficiency than APAC enterprises and public sector organization.

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